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Rewrite rules to redirect to a temporary offline page

Sometimes you want to take a site offline for a while. You can put this in .htaccess or the vhost config:

ErrorDocument 503 "We are performing maintenance on the site. Check back in a few minutes."
RewriteCond %{REMOTE_ADDR} !=1.2.3.4
RewriteEngine On
RewriteRule .* - [R=503,L]

When using .htaccess, be sure to have AllowOverride All.

Or when using HTML files and images:

<VirtualHost *>
  ServerAdmin webmaster@ytec.nl
  ServerName www.example.nl
 
  DocumentRoot /var/www/down/
 
  ErrorDocument 503 /maintenance.html
 
  RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} =/maintenance.html [OR]
  RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} =/logo.jpg
  RewriteRule (.*) $1 [L]
 
  RewriteEngine On
  RewriteRule .* - [R=503,L]
</VirtualHost>

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